Zimbabwe [zɪmbapvə] (in Switzerland officially Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe English [zɪmbɑːbwɪ]; translated "stone houses" in the language of the Shona), formerly Rhodesia, is a landlocked country in southern Africa. The name Zimbabwe goes back to the Great Zimbabwe today called ruins, the largest pre-colonial stone buildings in southern Africa. The country is ruled dictatorially by Robert Mugabe, who was first elected in 1980 as prime minister and president in 1987. In Zimbabwe, hunger, unemployment, energy shortages and domestic flight are widespread. In the Human Development Index of the United Nations took Zimbabwe 2014, 188 countries to 155. Place a. In the ranking of the Happy Planet Index of the New Economics Foundation in cooperation with Friends of the Earth Zimbabwe finished last world in two consecutive trials in 2006 and in 2009.
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