Vietnam (Vietnamese Việt Nam [in Hanoi viɜʔt̚˧ˀ˨ʔ Nam], meaning: Viet of the South, officially Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Vietnamese Cong hòa Xã Hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam, chữ nôm 共和 社會主義 越南 [in Hanoi kɜwŋ͡m˧ ˀ˨ʔ Hwa SA hoj˧ˀ˨ʔ ṯɕu˧˩ ŋiɜ˦ˀ˥ viɜʔt̚˧ˀ˨ʔ NAM]) is an elongated coast state in Southeast Asia. It borders on China, Laos, Cambodia, the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea. The first historically documented Kingdom in the area of present-day Vietnam was in the 1st millennium. Chr. After that peaceful coexistence between Yue and Han developed during the Trieu Dynasty. 111 v. . AD the dynasty came under the control of the Han Chinese as a province of the Han Dynasty and remained so - interrupted by brief periods of independence -.. To 938 AD, when they gained independence after the Battle of Bạch Đằng River. This was followed by a golden age of culture, society, economy and politics. In the following centuries, Vietnam expanded southward. In the 19th century, the area came gradually as part of French Indochina under French colonial rule. During World War II Japan occupied the region, France subsequently tried in a multi-year war without success to restore colonial rule. As a result of the French defeat Vietnam was divided in 1954 into the socialist North Vietnam (Hanoi capital) and the South Vietnam supported by the Western powers (the capital Saigon). In 1976, the two states were reunited after the Vietnam War under Communist leadership. Since 1986 run under the Đổi mới market reforms, but so far resulted only in approaches to political liberalization. Hanoi in 1976 capital of reunified Vietnam, largest city by population is Saigon, Haiphong, Can Tho and Da Nang are also important cities of the country.
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