Uzbekistan (. Uzbek O'zbekiston;. Officially the Republic of Uzbekistan, uzbek O'zbekiston Respublikasi) is a secular but predominantly Islamic landlocked country in Central Asia. Neighboring countries are in western and northern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan to the east, in the southeast of Tajikistan and Afghanistan, in southern Turkmenistan. In the West, the state also borders the Western Aral Sea and the Sarygamysh Lake. It was created in October 1924 as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, part of the Soviet Union and became independent in 1991. The name of Uzbekistan derives from the people of the Uzbeks, whose name in turn goes back to Uzbek Khan.
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