Wylam ['wɪlm] is a village in northeastern England. It is located 16 km west of Newcastle upon Tyne in the county of Northumberland. The population is around 2,100. The village is known as the place of birth and activity of several railway pioneers. The house of the Wylam-born George Stephenson is located about one kilometer east of the village on the north bank of the Tyne. It is now owned by the National Trust and can be visited. Also born in Wylam was the locomotive engineer Timothy Hackworth, who worked with Stephenson. William Hedley, born in the neighboring village of Newburn, went to school in Wylam and in 1813 built the "Puffing Billy", the oldest surviving steam locomotive in the world. Wylam was once an industrial village with coal mines and ironworks, today it is a commuter town of Newcastle upon Tyne and Hexham. The village is accessed by the railway line Newcastle and Carlisle Railway. The village church was built in 1886 and is dedicated to Oswine, a saint from Northumberland.