Rosedale Abbey is a village in North Yorkshire. Located in the midst of the North York Moors in a particularly inaccessible valley, it is the only major gathering in the central part of the moor. In the valley Rosedale was between 1158 and 1536 a monastery of the Cistercian order, whose ruins are still present today. It was not until the mid-19th century that a village came into being when in a few years Rosedale became an important iron ore mining and processing site. The boom began in 1861, when the North Eastern Railway laid a branch line to Rosedale, so that the iron ore could be brought in large quantities for smelting further to Teesside. In a few years, the population increased from 548 in 1851 to 2,839 in 1871. The calcination took place on site in large kilns. The boom lasted until the depletion of supplies in 1920. Remains of the Rosedale Railway are still present as the remains of large kilns from this period.
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