Porthmadog is a small town and municipality in the region Eifionydd in Gwynedd, Wales. It is colloquially known as "Port", a shortened form of to 1974 official English name Portmadoc. Before the enactment of the Local Government Act 1972 it belonged to the County Caernarfonshire. The city is located 8 km east of Criccieth, 18 km southwest of Blaenau Ffestiniog, 40 km north of Dolgellau and 32 km south of Caernarfon. It has 4,187 inhabitants (2001 census). Porthmadog developed in the 19th century as a port, was exported from the slate to England. Since the decline of the slate industry has become a major shopping destination for the surrounding area and a popular destination for holidaymakers. It offers easy access to the Snowdonia National Park and is the starting point of the Ffestiniog Railway and the Welsh Highland Railway. In 1987, the National Eisteddfod was held in Porthmadog.