Norham is a place in Northumberland, England, right on the south bank of the Tweed and the border with Scotland. 12th-century Norham Castle was for a long time the center of Norhamshire, an exclave of County Durham, which came to Northumberland in 1844. In 1292, the English king Edward I met the Scottish nobility to determine the future king of Scotland. Walter Scott's poem Marmion, which deals with the battle of Flodden Field (1513), begins with the verses: Day set on Norham's castled steep, And Tweed's fair river, broad and deep, And Cheviot's mountains lone: The battled towers, the donjon keep, The loophole grates where captives weep, The flanking walls that round sweep, In yellow luster shone. The painter William Turner's picture of Norham Castle hangs in the Tate Gallery of British Art, and is one of the gallery's most valuable works.
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