The English town of Letchworth in Hertfordshire was the first attempt at realizing garden city. It was founded in 1903 around 60 kilometers north of London. The plans were by Barry Parker and Raymond Unwin durchgeführt.Die total area consists of 2,057 hectares and the open spaces within the city 52 hectares of land. Letchworth should meet the new social reform approaches that Ebenezer Howard had asked the urban design. To form an independent small-town unit its own industry was created. However, this city has never been self-sufficient, but dependent on the start of London. Today in the town of 33,249 inhabitants (2011). The official English name is Letchworth Garden City. The city is the administrative center of the district of North Hertfordshire.