Langholm (Gaelic Langaim) is a town in the Scottish Council Area Dumfries and Galloway. It is located about 48 km east of Dumfries and 27 km north of the English Carlisle at the mouth of Ewes Water in the Esk. In the year 2011 Langholm registered 2227 inhabitants. In 1455, James II finished the black Douglas dynasty by defeating Langholm. In 1621, the city received the rights of a burgh. Not far from the city are the ruins of Langholm Castle, a 16th-century Armstrong clan castle that has only been preserved as a remnant of the Wall. On a hill is an obelisk in honor of John Malcolm. In the city there is a monument in honor of Pulteney Malcolm. With Glentarras and Langholm Langholm was the location of two whiskey distilleries. Both were closed at the beginning of the 20th century. * Malcolm Monument in Langholm * Pulteney Malcolm Monument * Ruin of Langholm Castle * Seat of the Clan Armstrong Museum