Inverness [ˌɪnvərnɛs] (Gaelic: Inbhir Nis [iɲɪɾʲniʃ] = mouth of the Ness) is the capital of the Scottish County Highland and has the status of a "city" since December 2000 as the only town in the district. The city is located (Gaelic: inver = "mouth") at the mouth of the River Ness in the Moray Firth. It is the northernmost "city" in the UK. As a general fixing the city limits does not exist, the estimates range to the population between 40,000 and well over 65,000 inhabitants. As part of the 2011 census has a population of 48,201 was determined. The town and its surroundings are rich in history. At the castle of Inverness reigned in the 11th century Macbeth, although not as cruel as William Shakespeare portrayed. Instead of his castle stands since the 19th century a representative castle on the hill. The leading through the Great Glen and by Loch Ness Caledonian Canal (Caledonian Canal) runs diagonally through Inverness-and has in the city's eastern entrance. A few kilometers to the east is the battlefield of Culloden, where in 1746 ended the last battle of the Jacobites against the British government forces with a devastating defeat of the Jacobites. Near the Clava Cairns lie.
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