Falkland (Scottish Gaelic Fàclann) is a small town with 1096 inhabitants in the north of the Lomond Hills, in the Council Area Fife in Scotland. It is 13 km north of Glenrothes. Falkland gained notoriety because of its strategic location in the valley of the river Eden. MacDuff, the Thane of Fife built a castle on this site but was destroyed by the English in 1337. In the 14th century, Robert Stewart, the Duke of Albany, bought the estate. He left his nephew, David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay and heir to Robert III. imprison in the rebuilt castle and starve to death (1402). 1458 Falkland was awarded the status of a Royal Burgh. Between 1501 and 1541, James IV had the hunting lodge Falkland Palace, built by his predecessor, extended and redesigned. The plant was also used by his son Jakob V. After the union of the crowns of Scotland and England in 1603, Falkland was abandoned. Charles II used Falkland Palace in 1650 to house a regiment of the Scots Guards. In the early nineteenth century, the Bruce and Tyndall families, who had inherited the estate and the town, made efforts to bring industrialization here. The settled textile and linoleum industry no longer exists today. In the 1970s, Falkland became one of the first Conservation Areas in Scotland. The houses and Falkland Palace have been restored and are now a major tourist attraction in the area.
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