Edinburgh please click to listen! [Ɛdɪnb (ə) ɹə] (Scottish Gaelic Dùn Èideann [do eːtʃən]; German Edinburg, officially City of Edinburgh) is the capital of Scotland since the 15th century (until then it was Perth). Since 1999, Edinburgh is also home to the Scottish Parliament. Edinburgh, with about 493,000 inhabitants to Glasgow the second largest city in Scotland and since 1996 one of the 32 Scottish Council Areas. The city is located on Scotland's east coast in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the south side of the Firth of Forth.