Dunkeld (Dùn Chailleann in Gaelic) is a small town on the river Tay in the Scottish Highlands. The village is located about two kilometers north of the village of Birnam, which plays an important role in William Shakespeare's play Macbeth as Birnam Wood. The name Dùn Chailleann meant the fort of Caledonians. The remains of the fortifications can still be seen today. The center of the village to the ruins of the cathedral, is largely composed of houses of the late 17th century. The cathedral dates back to 1325, but already there was around the year 600 a monastery that was probably founded by Columban. There were also 849 since the relics of this missionary, and therefore Dunkeld was for centuries the religious center of Scotland, in the same rank with the political capital Scone. The cathedral was destroyed during the Reformation in the 16th century when Scotland was Presbyterian under the influence of John Knox. At that time many churches were destroyed, so that there are very many large churches ruins in Scotland. The "Atholl Memorial Fountain" in the local center was built in 1866 in memory of George Murray, the sixth Duke of Atholl. In the late 18th century, the city experienced a blossoming of the linen industry. There were several textile factories and many weavers. 1809 the ferry, which until then had crossed the Tay between Dunkeld and Birnam, was replaced by a bridge by architect Thomas Telford.