Culham is a village and "civil parish" (parish) in the British county of Oxfordshire on the north bank of the Thames. Culham has 415 inhabitants (2001). The place has become known primarily through the research center for nuclear fusion located there, which is operated by the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA). The first laboratories were built in 1960 on a former airfield of the British Air Force. Over the years, the facilities have been continuously expanded and in 1978 Culham became the site of the prestigious European project JET (Joint European Torus). In addition to the European joint venture JET, UKAEA also operates the British fusion plant MAST in Culham. At present, the research center employs more than 1600 people. Culham Station is one of the few surviving station buildings of British engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. In the Culham Cut south of the village is the Thamesschleuse of Culham Lock.