Cheshunt is a town in Hertfordshire in England. It is in the Borough of Broxbourne and is a satellite town in the north of Greater London. Cheshunt is just 20 km from the center of London on the West Anglia Main Line (London-Cambridge) and the London orbital motorway M25. The city has about 50,000 inhabitants (2001). In 1825, the first monorail Henry Robinson Palmer was opened in Cheshunt; It was pulled by horses and used to transport bricks. Cheshunt is a major center of retail chain Tesco, whose headquarters was located here a long time. Cheshunt is also the original headquarters of the automaker Lotus Cars. Until the 1960s, however Cheshunt was primarily a center of the nursery where especially Thomas Rochford explored with his company in corresponding glasshouses new farming methods. The plants were previously transported on the east flowing past Cheshunt Lea and later overland to London. Cheshunt also a shipyard existed. there is now a youth hostel in their place. In the 1950s and 1960s was mined at Cheshunt gravel; the site was rehabilitated again. Today there is the Lee Valley Park. In 2006 the company News International began (part of Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation) in Cheshunt with the construction of a print shop. Cheshunt was extended period of residence of the singer Cliff Richard. Victoria Beckham lived in the immediate vicinity of Cheshunt in Goffs Oak.