Buckingham [bʌkɪŋəm] is a city in the northern English county of Buckinghamshire, about 10 km from the border with Northamptonshire. Originally Buckingham was the county town; However, this is Aylesbury today. The city has 12,043 inhabitants (2011). Buckingham is the UK's first and only private university, the University of Buckingham. Near the towns of Aylesbury, Bicester, Brackley, Towcester and Milton Keynes are. Duke of Buckingham (and Normanby) is the title, which was created in 1703 for John Sheffield. This had built a building in London, Buckingham House was called. Later it was sold to the king and significantly expanded, it is known as Buckingham Palace.