Brixham is a small town in southwest England, it lies at the southern end of the bay Torbay and has 19,600 inhabitants. Brixham formerly belonged to the county of Devon, but since 1997 part of the independent administrative unit (unitary authority) Torbay. Brixham is known for its fishing port which is, together with tourism one of the main sources of income. On 5 November 1688, later King William III landed. of Orange-Nassau and his Dutch army in the wake of the Glorious Revolution in Brixham. A statue of William III. is located right at the city harbor. Many residents Brixhams wear Dutch surnames. The road from the port up to the steep hill on which the Dutch had built their camp, is still Overgang - Dutch for upward. Nearby are the remains of an old fort from Napoleonic times on an isthmus. During World War II Brixham was one of the loading ports for the Allied invasion of Normandy, which demanded the small town a lot. The ramp on which the vehicles drove into the ships, is still to be seen. In a park there are gun emplacements from the time of World War II. Fishing dominated life in Brixham more than 900 years; already in the Domesday Book (1086) is mentioned as an important Brixham fishing port. 1850, the city had the biggest fishing fleet in England with 270 ships and 1,600 sailors. Brixham is considered the city where the trawler was invented, the Brixham Trawler were quick and ocean-going sailing ships. After World War II, the fishery collapsed almost entirely; In 1939 there were fewer than half a dozen fishing boats. Only in the 1960s, fishing was recovering in Brixham. Until the 1960s Brixham had a watchable tourist railway connection, but this branch line is now closed.
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