Brackley is a town in the county of Northamptonshire, England, situated on the River Great Ouse. At the census in 2001 Brackley had a population of 13,331 inhabitants and was thus the largest city in the district of South Northamptonshire. Historically Brackley was originally a trading center for the wool trade. It was right at the intersection of trade routes from London to Birmingham (and generally to the north of England), which crossed here with the trade route from Cambridge to Oxford. Brackley is close to the A43, a major road through the English Midlands, which is now led around the ring road around the city and forms a connection to Towcester and Northampton in the East. In western direction, the M40 motorway leads; the A422 combines Brackley with Banbury. Brackley used to have two stations, located one at the Great Central Main Line to London and a second at Northwestern Railway line from Banbury to Bletchley. Both lines were due to lack of profitability in the 50s and 60s, victims of government austerity measures, which have become known as the Beeching cuts. Some kilometers south-west is the former airfield RAF Croughton, an American communications device. Besides git are three kilometers west a small civilian airfield, Hinton-in-the-Hedges airfield, which was built in 1939 as a Royal Air Force Station and served during World War II Bomber Command. About four kilometers east lies with the Turweston Aerodrome a civilian airfield, which also emerged during the Second World War.