Blackburn is a town in the unitary authority Blackburn with Darwen in Lancashire in the North West of England and has 105,085 inhabitants (2001). The town's name derives from the river Blake Water is a tributary of also running through the town River Darwen from. The name comes from the period after the withdrawal of the Romans from Britain; but the place was before. Through him, led the Roman road that connected the Manchester Ribchester. The situation on this road made Blackburn at the time of the Danes and Saxons to the most important place in the northeastern Lancashire and was as Blackburn dog reds known. In the Domesday Book of 1086 Blackburn is with the Church of St. Mary recorded; it is believed that the first church was already built in 596th Therefore, in 1996, the 1400th anniversary of the Christianization was celebrated. The present church was consecrated in 1826 and was after Blackburn had been elevated to a diocese in 1926 to the Cathedral of Blackburn. The industrial revolution changed Blackburn. 1750, the city was no more than a village, but in 1850, the population had increased tenfold. Blackburn became an international center of the cotton mill. With the completion of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1816 and the connection to the railroad in 1846 decreased transport costs for cotton that was imported from the US, significantly; this resulted in a further increase in both the city and the local industry. Blackburn is a center of football for a long time. The only 1878-1889, existing Blackburn Olympic won the FA Cup in 1883. Blackburn Rovers founded in 1875 won from 1884 to 1928 the trophy six times in 1995 and the English title. Whose players William Townley was active in the first half of the 20th century as a trainer and was one of the most important pioneers of football in Germany. In the 20th century the textile industry shrank, at their place, mechanical engineering and electronics companies. Since 1997, Blackburn is on the motorway M65 connected to the UK's motorway network. After the Second World War, many Poles and Ukrainians moved to Blackburn; the last 30 years, the proportion of Indian and Pakistani population grew. The Muslim population of the city is 25\%, making it the highest throughout the UK outside of London. There are 52 mosques in the city. Blackburn is twinned with Altena (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Pegnitz (Bayern) and Péronne (France).
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