Amesbury is a town in Wiltshire, England, about 13 km north of Salisbury near Stonehenge. the town of Amesbury, was founded in 979 AD. Settled but the place has a history, as existed in its place a monastery. Today, the city is part of the unitary authority Wiltshire. Southeast of the town is the military airfield Boscombe Down. On maps from the 17th century called "Ambersbury", nowadays it is suspected that the place was named after Ambrosius Aurelianus, leader of the Romano-British resistance against the invasion of the Saxons in the 5th century. Even with the Arthurian legend Amesbury is linked: The monastery, whither Guinevere retired, which was said to be in Amesbury. Approximately one and a half kilometers west of the city is a hill fort from the Iron Age, which is overgrown with bushes and hid. This is in the region as Vespasian camp known (named after the Roman general and later emperor, who was said to be active in this part of the island). It never took place excavations this place. In 2002, the magnificent Copper Age burial site of the British Isles was discovered in Amesbury. The remains of two men of apparently high state had been buried along with over 100 grave goods such as arrowheads, copper daggers and gold earrings in two places there. The corpse in the lush furnished grave from both became known as the Amesbury Archer ( "Amesbury Archer"). In the past when the city noble estate overlooking Mead is a pond where there are algae Hildebrandia rivularis. This turns the air drying pink. The archeologist David Jacques discovered in the pond sediment many flints and not occurring in the area slate stones that must have been intentionally placed there. He concludes that people of the Neolithic period were fascinated by the color of the algae covering and sees a connection with the meaning of Stonehenge.