The United Arab Emirates (Arabic الإمارات العربية المتحدة, DMG al-imarat al-'Arabiyya al-Muttahida; official: Arabic دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة, DMG Dawlat al-imarat al-'Arabiyya al-Muttahida, State of the United Arab Emirates'), short UAE is a federation of seven emirates in the southeast of the Arabian peninsula in Southwest Asia. Located on the coast of the Persian Gulf and with access to the Gulf of Oman, the country is bordered by Saudi Arabia and Oman. It consists of the emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. The capital of the UAE is Abu Dhabi, the second largest city in the country (after Dubai) is also an important industrial and cultural center. Before independence in 1971, the UAE was because of the protectorate treaties that had been completed in the 19th century with the United Kingdom, the local rulers, known as "contract Coast" or "Parties". The political system is based on the constitution of 1971. Islam is the official religion and Arabic the official language. The seventh emirate Ras al-Khaimah came in 1972 to do so. The UAE have the seventh largest oil reserves in the world, the most developed economies of the Middle East and one of the richest countries in the world with a per capita GDP of $ 54,607 are. The country is the Human Development Index on the 40th place (as of 2013). The International Monetary Fund classifies the UAE as well. The country is a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council and a member state of the Arab League, the United Nations, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, OPEC and the World Trade Organization.
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