Boryspil (Ukrainian Бориспіль, Russian Борисполь / Borispol) is a city in Ukraine in the Kiev Oblast with 55,894 inhabitants (2006). It is located about 30 kilometers southeast of Kiev and is the capital of the homonymous Rajons. Boryspil was first mentioned at the end of the 16th century. A settlement can be traced back to the middle of the 12th century. Only in 1956 were city rights granted. The name is of Greek origin; it is composed of Borysthenes, the ancient Greek name of the river Dnepr, and -polis for city in first Russified (-pol), then Ukrainianized form. The international airport of Kiev (IATA code: KBP) is located near Boryspil, while in the north of the city the Kiev-Poltava railway line has been running since 1901.