Taiwan

Taiwan

The Republic of China (Chinese 中華民國, Pinyin Zhōnghuá Mínguó, IPA (high Chinese) [ʈ͡ʂʊŋxu̯ɑ̌ mǐnku̯ɔ̌]), and Republic of China (Taiwan) and the Republic of China on Taiwan (ROC), not officially Taiwan (in Switzerland officially Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) ) or, increasingly rare, Nationalist China, hereinafter referred to as Chinese Taipei Sports, is a country in East Asia whose territory consists of more than 99\% of the island of Taiwan and its offshore islets. Other administrative regions include the islands of Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Dongsha belonging to the Spratly Islands Taiping Island. The Republic of China had in 2016 a population of around 23.5 million. The Republic was proclaimed on Jan. 1, 1912 after the Xinhai Revolution in mainland China. The island of Taiwan, a Japanese colony from 1895 to 1945, did not belong to the territory of the Republic of China to the 1945th In 1949, the government elite and the armed forces subjected to the Republic of China in the face of looming defeat in the Chinese civil war on the island of Taiwan back. There, established the ruling party Kuomintang, while maintaining the state of emergency one-party rule lasting for several decades. The second half of the 20th century was characterized by high economic growth, the Kuomintang was a gradual democratization in the late 1980s. Today, the Republic of China on Taiwan is a technically advanced, democratically constituted industrial state. Even after the proclamation of the People's Republic of China 1949, the Government of the Republic of China took Taiwan China at the United Nations and was a permanent member of the UN Security Council. As a result of the one-China policy of the People's Republic but more and more countries broke off diplomatic relations with the Republic of China, which had until 1971 to cast their UN membership to the People's Republic. Only a minority of the international community continues to maintain formal diplomatic relations with the government in Taipei. The international legal status of the Republic of China on Taiwan is still controversial and the subject of the Taiwan conflict.