The Switzerland (French Suisse [sɥis (ə)], Italian Svizzera [zviːtːsera], Romansh: Svizra? / I [ʒviːtsrɐ] or [ʒviːtsʁɐ], latin Helvetia), officially the Swiss Confederation (French Confédération suisse, Italian Confederazione Svizzera, Romansh Confederaziun svizra ? / i, latin male Switzerland), is a federal, democratic state in Europe. It includes German, French, Italian and Romansch language and cultural areas, whose residents live together as a nation of consensus. The Switzerland borders Germany in the north, Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, Italy to the south and France in the west. The Swiss Federal Constitution does not specify the capital; the seat of the federal authorities (government and parliament) is the federal capital of Bern. In Switzerland, 8.3 million people, including 2.0 million foreigners live (25 percent) without Swiss citizenship. Based on the total population aged 15 and over (with and without civil rights) have 35 percent a migration background. The country is one of the more densely populated countries in Europe, with the population in the Central Plateau, the pelvic zone between Jura and Alps concentrated. The six major cities are the economic centers of Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Bern, Lausanne and Winterthur. The country is divided into 26 cantons and some sovereign has at the federal level - according to its indigenous population - a total of four official languages: German, French, Italian and Romansh. They form the basis of the four national cultures and language regions: German-speaking Switzerland, French-speaking, Italian and Romansch Switzerland. The country code is "CH", the abbreviation for the Latin male Switzerland neutral to any of the four official languages bevorzugen.Die Swiss Confederation arose from the so-called original cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden. As an unofficial and mythologisiertes founding document of the Federal Charter of 1291, the oldest alliance deed surviving applies. In the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 she succeeded in recognition of their constitutional independence. Today's state has existed since 1848. The name comes from Switzerland Urkanton Schwyz. National identity and cohesion of Switzerland are not based on a common language, ethnicity or religion, but on cross-cultural factors such as the belief in direct democracy, a high level of local and regional autonomy and a distinct culture of compromise in policymaking. Switzerland is in this respect often cited as a model for other states.
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