The Republic of Korea (kor. 대한민국, 大韓民國, [tɛ̝ːɦa̠nminɡuk̚], Daehan Minguk), mainly South Korea called, is located in East Asia and occupies the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The only land border, 243 km in length, is the de facto northern neighbor North Korea. The two successor states Chōsens were founded in 1948 in the emerging Cold War; following the Korean War cemented the division of Korea. The north was socialist and autocratic, while a parliamentary democracy could be established in the capitalist, diplomatically oriented to the west South Korea with time. In the West, South Korea borders on the Yellow (in South Korea: West Sea), on the south by the East China and on the east by the Sea of Japan (in South Korea: East Sea). Around 51.5 million people, South Korea is one of the densely populated states and one of the 30 most populous countries in the world. About half of the population lives in the metropolitan area of the capital Seoul, a metropolis with the fourth largest economy in the world. The Miracle on the Han River, as the period of rapid economic upswing is called, made South Korea quickly into a modern industrial state. In the production of ships and electronic products such as semiconductors, microchips, flat screens and computers, the South Korean industry has achieved a dominant position. Also by increasing the cultural significance of the country, which finds expression for example in the Korean wave. The country is the United Nations Member States, the G20, the OECD and APEC.
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