Nova Gorica (Nova Gorica German) is a town in western Slovenia, close to the Italian border. The city is located about 65 kilometers west of the City of Ljubljana (Ljubljana) and 35 km north of the Italian city of Trieste. The city had 2002 13.852 inhabitants. 20,694 people also lived in neighboring suburbs and overall the Municipality of Nova Gorica today calculation as 36,710 inhabitants. The city of Nova Gorica was built as a result of the demarcation between Italy and Yugoslavia in the Treaty of Paris of 1947, which divided the city of Gorizia. Most of the city remained in Italy, smaller suburbs and the 1945 occupied by Yugoslav partisans station of the Bohinj railway was awarded Yugoslavia. The border runs through the station square (Piazza Transalpina). In 1948, the foundation stone was laid for Nova Gorica, a city from the drawing board as a new urban center for the Yugoslav side of the border. Since the founding of the University of Nova Gorica in 1995 Nova Gorica is a university town. As of 21 December 2007, the state border Slovenia-Italy can be exceeded due to the Schengen Agreement, which Slovenia joined at any point; border controls have been set. Thus the 1945 resulting division of Gorizia has been overcome. Following the German city names Gorizia Nova Gorica is referred to in some texts not officially Nova Gorica. Not far from the town is the Sanctuary of the Holy Mountain.
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