Sierra Leone (German [siɛʁa leoːnə], English [sɪɛəɹə lɪoʊni], [sɪɛəɹə lɪoʊn]), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a unitaristischer country in West Africa, bordering the natural area to the two states of Liberia and Guinea and the west by the central Atlantic. The capital and largest city in the country is Freetown. After a decade of bloody civil war, which claimed tens of thousands of deaths, the country is busy with its reconstruction and the work-up of recent history since the 2000th The country is deeply in debt and struggling with poverty. The Human Development Index, Sierra Leone is one of the low developed countries. The 2014 broken Ebola fever epidemic has further worsened the humanitarian crisis. Historically existed in contrast to the more northerly Sahel region in what is now Sierra Leone no empires such as the Mali Empire. In the 17th century the British dominated the slave trade at the Sierra Leone coast. 1808, the peninsula was formally declared a British Crown Colony. After the country in 1961 gained independence from Great Britain, it was declared nearly a decade later after fierce controversy with the Republic.
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