San Marino (officially the Republic of San Marino, Italian Repubblica di San Marino, nicknamed La Serenissima) is the oldest existing republic in the world with a history that supposedly up to the year 301 goes back to its founding by St. Marinus. It is completely surrounded an enclave of Italy and lies between the regions of Emilia-Romagna (Rimini Province) and Marche (Pesaro Urbino), near the Adriatic coast near Rimini. San Marino is one with an area of about 60 square kilometers and 30,000 inhabitants of the smallest countries in the world and one of the six European mini-states. Capital is the city, the official language is Italian. The rocky ridge of the UNESCO World Heritage Monte Titano crown the three forts Guaita, Cesta and Montale. The state is a member of the United Nations and the Council of Europe, but not of the European Union, but still has the euro as its currency. San Marino is one of the richest countries in the world, has no debt and one of the lowest unemployment rates in the world.
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