Rwanda [ʁu̯anda] (u Kinyarwanda Rwanda, French le Rwanda [lə ʁwɑda]) is a densely populated internal state in East Africa. It is bordered by Burundi, the DRC, Uganda and Tanzania. Because of its hilly landscape Rwanda is also called the "Land of a Thousand Hills". In the territory of the African main watershed between the catchment areas of the Nile and Congo runs. From 1884 to 1916 Rwanda was a German colony in 1962, it received its independence from the UN mandate power Belgium. Because of structural problems, high population density and conflicts between ethnic groups Hutu and Tutsi - culminating in the genocide of the Tutsi in 1994 - was one of the country's poorest in Africa. In recent years, strong economic progress was to be achieved, among others, by the exploitation of natural resources in the eastern Congo provinces. Large parts of the economy are controlled by the ruling party Rwandan Patriotic Front. Rwanda is internationally criticized for lack of press freedom, repression of the opposition, manipulating elections and destabilize the eastern Congo.