Romania (Romanian România;? [Romɨnia] / i) is a semi-presidential republic in the border region between Central and Southeastern Europe. The country lies on the Black Sea and extends in a westerly direction over the Carpathian Mountains to the Pannonian Plain. Romania borders on five countries: Bulgaria to the south, to the west by Serbia and Hungary to the north and to the east by Ukraine and Moldova. The modern Romanian state was created in 1859 by the union of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. After 1945, Romania was part of the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War. Since 1989, Romania has approached politically from West European countries and became a member of NATO (2004) and the European Union (2007). With 238,391 sq km Romania has the ninth largest area with about 19.9 million inhabitants, the seventh largest population of all the Member States of the European Union. The Romanian capital, Bucharest, with 1.9 million inhabitants, is the sixth largest city in the EU, just ahead of Vienna (1.75 million) and Budapest (1.73 million). Other major cities are Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Iasi, Constanta, Craiova and Brasov.
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