The Republic of Malta (paints. Repubblika ta 'Malta) is a southern European island country in the Mediterranean. The Maltese archipelago is divided among the three inhabited islands of Malta (including Manoel Iceland, about 246 square kilometers), Gozo (painted. Għawdex, about 67 square kilometers) and Comino (Kemmuna, about three square kilometers) and to the uninhabited small islands Cominotto (Kemmunett) Filfla, St. Paul's Islands and Fungus rock. The main island Malta is divided into two regions with five districts. Gozo and Comino together form the third region and the sixth district. The name of Malta goes back to the Punic name for a haven malet, the Greeks called the islands Melita (Μελίτη), among the Romans it was called Melita. Malta was a British colony and became independent on September 21 1964th On 1 May 2004 it became a member of the European Union and has since become the smallest member state. On 1 January 2008 the euro was introduced in Malta.
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