? Katowice / i [katɔ'vʲitsɛ] (German Katowice, Silesian Katowicy) is the capital of Silesia in southern Poland, with around 303,000 inhabitants (at 30 June 2014) the tenth largest city in the country. The Katowice nearly 300 km southwest of Warsaw located in the Upper Silesian Industrial Region is the center of the metropolitan region of Silesia, will be included among the depending on the definition between two and five million people. To Katowice there are rich coal and mineral deposits. The city is one of the most important and most prosperous economic centers of Poland, the economic impact of mines and heavy industry decline increasingly in favor of the service industry, electronics industry and information technology. From 1922 to 1939 Katowice was the capital of Silesia Autonomous Province of the Second Republic, after the German occupation in 1939 it was 1,941 capital of Gaus Upper Silesia and subsequently in the People's Republic of Poland again capital of the province. In 1924, the population of Katowice exceeded the limit of 100,000, making it to the big city. From 1953 to 1956, the city was called Stalinogród. Katowice is a university town, Catholic and Evangelical Erzbischofs- the Augsburg bishopric (see Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland).