Islamabad (Urdu اسلام آباد, residence of Islam ') is the capital of Pakistan. today, the city was only founded in the 1960s, has 689,000 inhabitants. As a planned city, it was applied to a climate extremely favorable location on the edge of Pothohar Plateau Plateau, below the Margalla Hills on a checkered floor plan. Islamabad belongs historically to the Punjab, but was spun off from the province in 1970 and an independent Capital Territory.