Norway and Kingdom of Norway (bokmål: Kongeriket Norge, nynorsk: Kongeriket Noreg, Old Norse: * Norðvegr, Norvegr, Noregr "northern route") is a country in northern Europe. Norway is on the Scandinavian peninsula and bordered to the east by Sweden and the northeast by Finland and Russia. The economic zone of Norway is bordered in the North Sea in the south to Denmark and to the west by the UK (Scotland). Norway's form of government is that of a constitutional monarchy with a strong parliamentary trains. The Kingdom is organized as a decentralized unitary state. The country is a member of NATO, the Nordic Council, OECD, EFTA and the United Nations. The Human Development Index (HDI) of the United Nations classifies Norway for many years as the world's most advanced country. Moreover, it is, according to the Democracy Index of the British magazine The Economist of the most democratic country in the world. Norway is one of Europe's largest countries area but sparsely populated with only 5.2 million inhabitants. Much of the population is concentrated in the south of the country with the metropolitan area of the capital, Oslo; other Norwegian cities are Bergen, Trondheim and Stavanger.
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