New Zealand (English New Zealand [njuːziːlənd] Māori Aotearoa [aɔtɛaɾɔa]) is an island country in the South Pacific. It consists of a north and a south island and numerous smaller islands. The nearest countries are in the west of Australia (the West Coast of the two main islands of New Zealand are between 1530 km and 2100 km away from the east coast of Australia and Tasmania), which in the north with the French island of New Caledonia and the island nations of Tonga and Fiji, as well as a continent Antarctic in the south. culturally neither geographically nor New Zealand can be unambiguously assigned to a particular continent: The country lies partly on the Australian, partly on the Pacific plate and is connected to both the European-influenced cultural region of Australia and the Polynesian part of Oceania. New Zealand is a kingdom in the Commonwealth of Nations with democratic parliamentary constitution. For a developed country, the main economic sectors agriculture, forestry, food industry are rather unusual (mainly dairy products) and tourism. New Zealand is often referred to as a "green island", which is partly due to the sparse population and the natural diversity. These and the relative untouched nature and the extremely diverse and unique vegetation are also due to the relative isolation of the islands.
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