? Germany / i (long form: Federal Republic of Germany) is a federally authored country in Central Europe, which is made up of the 16 German states. The Federal Republic is a liberal, democratic and social state of law and is the latest manifestation of the German national state. Federal capital and most populous German city Berlin. Other cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne and Frankfurt; largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr. To Germany nine states and natural geographic boundaries to the north the waters of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, in the south the mountains of the Alps. It is located in the temperate zone. A variety of national and nature parks are reported in the country. With about 82.2 million inhabitants, it is one of the densely populated area countries and is internationally recognized as the immigration country with the second highest number of migrants. Open since the 10th century Holy Roman Empire consisted of many dominions and was the origin of the federal German state. This was the first time with the founding of the German Empire in 1871. After the Weimar Republic and the Nazi dictatorship followed a period of change and division of the national territory. The founding of the Federal Republic as part of West German state with the proclamation of the Constitution on 23 May 1949 followed by the establishment of the socialist GDR dictatorship on 7 October 1949 as part of an East German state. Since the reunification of the two parts of the country on October 3, 1990, the Day of German Unity is celebrated as a national holiday. Germany is a founding member of the European Union and its most populous country and, together with 18 other EU member states a monetary union, the euro zone. It is a member of the UN, the OECD, NATO, the G7 and the G20. The Federal Republic is one of the most politically influential states of Europe and is a sought-after partner country at the global level. In terms of gross domestic product, Germany is Europe's largest economy and the fourth largest in the world. In 2015 it was the third largest export and import nation. The German economy is characterized by the concept of the social market economy. The human development index is one of Germany's most highly developed countries. Germany's culture has produced diverse and world-famous expressions, such as in and architecture, music, philosophy, film culture, cuisine, design, in, in science and the entrepreneurial spirit. The UNESCO World Heritage in Germany and the number of cultural monuments and historical centers is extensive.
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