Nouadhibou (Arabic نواذيبو, DMG Nawāḏībū), formerly Port-Étienne, is the second largest city, the largest port and the economic center of Mauritania and the capital of the administrative region Dakhlet Nouadhibou. The location on a peninsula on the West African Atlantic coast was ideal for the construction of an industrial port in the early 1960s, since that is shipped by rail from the mining area to Zouérate hertransportierte iron ore over the. Another industry is fishing. The ship graveyard of Nouadhibou is the symptom of a misguided government economic policy.