Macedonia (Macedonian Makedonija Македонија; and Macedonia, officially the Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Macedonia (Republika Makedonija Република Македонија)) is a landlocked country in Southeast Europe. Due to the name dispute with its southern neighbor Greece, he is also known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM short; english Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, FYROM short) refers. Macedonia was founded in 1944 in the resistance as a Socialist Republic of Macedonia, was from 1946 officially southernmost republic of socialist Yugoslavia and called its independence in 1991 from. Since December 2005, Macedonia has the status of an EU candidate country. The country is a member of the United Nations (but with the name "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"), CEFTA and member state of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Council of Europe and the Cooperation Council for South Eastern Europe. Furthermore, Macedonia is a member of the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Macedonia has one of the weakest economies in Europe and is located in a transformation process, both economically and politically. The country is struggling with high unemployment and a weak infrastructure and lack of investment. Macedonia is ethnically mixed. In addition to the largest ethnic group, the Macedonians, which represent about 64 percent of the population, there is a large minority of Albanians (25\%). Even smaller minorities of Turks (3.85\%), Roma (2.66\%), Serbs (1.78\%), Bosniaks (0.84\%) and Vlachs / megleno-romanians (0.48\%) and other ethnic groups (1 , 04\%) are present. This situation was and there are always ethnically motivated conflicts, especially between Macedonians and Albanians. After the civil war-like conditions in 2001 and then signed a peace treaty, the overall situation of the national minorities in the country has improved significantly. A social equality of all ethnic groups is not always reached.
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