Macau (often Macao, Chinese 澳門 / 澳门, Pinyin Aomen; Portuguese Macau) is a about 50 kilometers west of Hong Kong location, Special Administrative Region of People's Republic of China. Until 1999 it was a Portuguese colony. Macau is rich in tourist attractions from the colonial period. The main sources are the legal gambling there and the related thereto tourism from Hong Kong and mainland China, which is why Macau is often referred to as the Monte Carlo of the East or Las Vegas of the East. With around 21,000 inhabitants per square kilometer Macau has a very high population density. The inhabitants of Macao (dt. Macanesen or Macauer) mainly speak Cantonese (85.7\%), Hokkien (4\%), Chinese (3.2\%) and other Chinese dialects (2.7\%). 4.4\% speak other languages, including predominantly English and Tagalog. The macauische language is a special Creole language that today only about 4,000 of Macauer (an ethnic group of mixed Asian and Portuguese descent, about 2\% of the population) is spoken. The full name of Macao is in the high-Chinese Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Aomen Tebie Xíngzhèngqū (Chinese 中華人民共和國 澳門 特別 行政區 / 中华人民共和国 澳门 特别 行政区 listen (high Chinese)? / I listen (Cantonese)? / I) and in the Portuguese language Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China (file?)). Macau is the region with the second highest life expectancy in the world. It is 84.5 years.
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