The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (French Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Luxembourgish Groussherzogtum Luxemburg) is a state and a parliamentary democracy in the form of a constitutional monarchy in western Central Europe. It is the last of the past twelve major European duchies (or large principalities, as they are called in most Eastern European languages). Language is Luxembourgish, administrative and official languages are French, German and Luxembourgish. With an area of 2,586 square kilometers, Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in the world face and Malta the second smallest country in the European Union. It is bordered to the south with 73 kilometers of the French Republic in the west over 148 km to the Kingdom of Belgium and the east over 135 kilometers of the Federal Republic of Germany. The economic importance of the country exceeds rank 70 of all countries in the world in nominal gross national income that much larger and more populous States in the European Union. With Belgium and the Netherlands Luxembourg forms the Benelux countries. The country is a founding member of the European Economic Community (EEC) and plays a significant role in the European unification process. The capital of the same name is the administrative center of the European Union. It is the seat of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), the European Court of Auditors (ECA), the Secretariat of the European Parliament, the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Commission services and the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF). Luxembourg is also the Council of the European Union meeting. In the years 2013 and 2014, Luxembourg was a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council and has held the chairmanship in March, 2014.
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