Libya ([lyːbi̯ən] / [liːbi̯ən] / [liːby̆ən]; Arab ليبيا libiya [Libija] Pronunciation / i;? Tamazight ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ Libya) is a country in North Africa. Its northern border is the Mediterranean (Mediterranean country); it is bordered to the east by Egypt and Sudan, on the south by Niger and Chad and to the west with the Maghreb countries, Tunisia and Algeria. Libya is a sovereign state since 1951 and was until 1969 a kingdom. In 1969, Muammar Gaddafi was a military coup to power. In February 2011 his dictatorial rule began to crumble; began the Libyan civil war 2011th From March to October 2011, an international military intervention took place on the side of opponents of Gaddafi. Gaddafi was killed by his opponents on 20 October 2011th In May 2014, a second Civil War, fought against each other in the rival militias, resulting in the complete political and economic collapse as well as to split the country into two power blocs emerged from the resulting power vacuum. On 17 December 2015, a peace treaty was agreed between the rival camps of Tobruk and Tripoli, which until 2018 provides for the reconstruction of the Libyan state and its institutions and a unity government Fayiz al-Sarraj. On March 30, 2016, the unity government began its work in Tripoli.
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