Kyrgyzstan (often Kyrgyzstan or Kirghizia, Kyrgyz Кыргызстан Kyrgysstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, Kyrgyz Кыргыз Республикасы Kyrgys Respublikasy, Russian Киргизская Республика Kirgisskaja Respublika) is a landlocked country with approximately 5.5 million inhabitants in Central Asia. It borders (1113 km) in the north by Kazakhstan, on the southeast by China (1048 km), on the south by Tajikistan (972 km) and to the west by Uzbekistan (1374 km). Emerging from the Kyrgyz SSR of the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan gained its independence with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Its capital is Bishkek.
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