Venice (Italian Venezia [venɛʦːi̯a], Venetian Venesia [venɛzi̯a] or [venɛzja]) is a city in northeastern Italy. It is the capital of the Veneto region, metropolitan city of Venice and is nicknamed La Serenissima ( "The Most Serene"). Its historic center (centro storico) is on some of the larger islands in the Venetian Lagoon. The total area of ​​Venice is 414.6 square kilometers, accounting for them 257.7 km² of water. On 31 December 2015, the city had 263,352 inhabitants, of which 181,883 in the districts on the mainland, 58,901 in the historic center and 29,674 within the lagoon. There are 118 islands in the lagoon. It extends over 50 km between the mouths of the rivers Adige (Adige) in the south and Piave in the north in the Adriatic Sea. the Republic of Venice and with more than 180,000 inhabitants, one of the largest European cities, Venice was until 1797 capital. Until the 16th century it was one of the largest commercial cities on the trade between Western Europe and the eastern Mediterranean was settled. Venice most commercial and warships entertained. Your nobility profited from the trade in luxury goods, spices, salt and wheat. Venice became the largest financial center and was dominated by a colonial empire to Crete and at times up to Cyprus ranged from northern Italy. After French and Austrian rule from 1798 to 1866 Venice is a part of Italy was. In 1929, the industrial complex Mestre-Marghera became part of the Comune di Venezia. The Jewish proportion of the population was destroyed during the Second World War. In 1965 to 1970, the city reached with almost 370,000 inhabitants the highest population, which has since fallen back to about 100,000 inhabitants. Venice and its lagoon are on the UNESCO list of World Heritage since 1987th You have very often worked on inspiring artists, and Venice was one of the most frequently visited by tourists cities. For a century the economic structure of the old town is biased towards tourism, while the industrial activity mainly to Mestre and Marghera focused on the western mainland.