Taranto [tarɛnt] (Italian Taranto [Taranto], ancient Greek Τάρας, Latin Tarentum) is the capital of the province of Taranto same name, situated in Puglia (Southern Italy), on the Gulf of Taranto in the Ionian Sea. Taranto has 201,100 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2015) .You is the city of two seas and the swing bridge, the ancient center forms the approximately 34-hectare island of Isola del Borgo Antico (with the Aragonese Castle), the Mediterranean (Mar separates Grande) from a position behind the island lagoon (Mar Piccolo). Taranto takes together with Pilone, part of Ostuni (BR) and Santa Maria di Leuca (LE), an important position is ein.Tarent in Salento a major trading port with steel industry, a refinery, petrochemical plants and cement factories, a shipyard and a naval base. The province of the same name consists of 29 municipalities. In it, the inhabitants are mainly engaged in agriculture, fishing, shellfish (about 30,000 tons per year) and industry (chemicals, food, textile, wood, glass, ceramics) busy. Taranto and the northern part of the province of Taranto same is Tarantino dialect spoken a dialect of the Italian language.