The city of Syracuse (Italian Siracusa, Sicilian Sarausa; Latin Syracusae, ancient Greek Συρακοῦσαι Syracusae) is located on the east coast of the Italian region of Sicily and is the capital of the province of Syracuse. In ancient times Syracuse was for several centuries the largest and most powerful city in Sicily and its cultural center. Marcus Tullius Cicero described it "the largest and most beautiful of all Greek cities" as. 2005, UNESCO Syracuse explained along with the Necropolis of Pantalica World Heritage Site on the grounds "that the places and monuments that make up the ensemble Syracuse / Pantalica represent a unique collection of remarkable testimonies of the Mediterranean cultures over the centuries in the same place. The ensemble Syracuse / Pantalica offers through its remarkable cultural diversity an exceptional testimony to the development of civilization over three millennia. The group of buildings and archaeological sites that lie in Syracuse (from the core to Ortygia up to the remains that are scattered throughout the city area), is the best example of an outstanding architectural achievement, the different cultural aspects spans (Greek, Roman , Baroque). Ancient Syracuse was directly linked to events, ideas and literary works of outstanding global significance. "