Mafalda is a municipality with a population of 1,211 (December 31, 2015) in the province of Campobasso in the Italian region of Molise. The village is located about 180 kilometers east of Rome, 45 kilometers north of Campobasso and 20 kilometers from the Adriatic coast. The place lies in the Monti di Ferentani, a promontory of Abruzzo above the limiting flow to Abruzzo, the Trigno. Mafalda was called until 1903 Ripalta sul Trigno. It was in honor of the birth of the daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III. Mafalda, who died in 1944 in Buchenwald concentration camp, renamed. The medieval town center is built around the parish church of San Andrea Apostolo and Palazzo Juliani.