Florence (Italian Firenze) is a Tuscan city with 382,808 inhabitants (December 31, 2015). In the metropolitan area of 1.5 million people. Florence is the capital and largest city of Tuscany and the Metropolitan city of Florence. Florence is famous for its history. As a center of medieval European trade and finance was one of the richest cities in the 15th and 16th centuries. Florence is considered the cradle of the Renaissance. Because of its cultural importance - particularly for the visual arts - it is also called the "Italian Athens" since the 19th century. By the powerful dynasty of the Medici family of Florence rose to the Renaissance one of the most prosperous cities in Europe. Numerous artists and clergy were at home here: Leonardo da Vinci spent much of his youth in Florence, Michelangelo took refuge in the church of the Medici, Galileo Galilei lived as a mathematician in the palaces of the Medici. From 1865 to 1870 the city was the capital of the newly created Kingdom of Italy. The historic center of Florence attracts year after year, millions of tourists. Euro Monitor International placed the city of nearly 4.2 million visitors in 2013 worldwide in 40th place among the most visited cities. In 1982, the historic downtown area was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Due to the artistic and architectural heritage Forbes Magazine Florence has selected as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. has drawn attention to the wealth of museums, palaces and monuments.
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