Cimitile

Cimitile is a municipality with 7280 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2015) in the metropolitan city of Naples, Campania region. The neighboring towns of Cimitile are Nola, Cicciano, Casamarciano, Comiziano and Baiano. The municipality is known for the sanctuary over the tomb of St. Felix in Nola near Cimitile, about 20 km northeast of Naples, which was one of the most important Christian pilgrimage sites of late antiquity, since 1978 excavations by scientists of the Institute of Classical and Early Christian Archeology of the WWU Münster and the Humboldt University Berlin. The name of the place comes from the word for cemetery cimitero from the 2nd century AD. In the vicinity of the former pagan necropolis, the first Christians buried their dead and hid themselves from persecutors. Around the monumental building complex of the tomb and Sanctuary of San Felice developed a place that visited the nobleman Paulinus of Nola, later Bishop of Nola and patron saint of the city, in 395 still in the service of politics as a governing governor of Campania. He had the existing buildings restored and a new, larger basilica built. In the course of time, a cathedral complex of 13 buildings (basilicas, churches, chapels) was built, with its frescoes and mosaics are among the most important and fascinating early Christian testimonies in Italy. To visit: the Basilica di San Felice, the Basilica di San Tommaso, the (new) Basilica di San Giovanni, the chapels of San Martiri, San Calionio, Santa Maria degli Angeli. In 1992, Pope John Paul II visited the excavation site and Pope Benedict XVI. praised at a general audience on 12 December 2007, the special archeological significance Cimitiles.

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