Cantiano is a comune (municipality) with a population of 2,245 (December 31, 2015) in the province of Pesaro and Urbino in the Marche. The community is located about 53.5 kilometers south-southwest of Pesaro and about 28 kilometers south of Urbino. Cantiano is part of the Comunità Montana del Catria e Nerone and is immediately adjacent to the province of Perugia.