Timika is a city in Papua / New Guinea, Indonesia with about 100,000 inhabitants and the capital of Mimika region. The city lies close to the Lorentz National Park, the largest gold mine in the world, the Grasberg mine. The proximity of the mine and the rapid growth of the city represent a threat to the environment and the National Park. Next, because of the activities of the Papua rebels of the Free Papua Movement in the region is the Indonesian military strong presence. Timika is since 2003 the seat of the Diocese of Timika.